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Electronic circuits analysis and design. PDF
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"Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design" by Donald A. Neamen is a popular textbook for undergraduate students in electrical and electronics engineering. The book covers a wide range of topics related to electronic circuits, including circuit analysis, circuit theorems, operational amplifiers, diodes, bipolar junction transistors, field-effect transistors, digital logic circuits, and more.
The book is known for its clear and concise explanations of complex concepts, and its extensive use of examples and practical applications to illustrate theoretical principles. The book also includes a number of helpful features such as review questions, problems and solutions, and design examples, which help students reinforce their understanding of the material.
Overall, "Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design" is a comprehensive and well-written textbook that provides a solid foundation for students looking to learn the fundamentals of electronic circuit analysis and design.
PHILOSOPHY AND GOALS
Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design is intended as a core text in electronics for undergraduate electrical and computer engineering students. The purpose of the third edition of the book is to provide a foundation for analyzing and designing both analog and digital electronic circuits.
The majority of electronic circuit design today involves using integrated circuits (ICs). The entire circuit is fabricated on a single piece of semiconductor material. The IC can contain millions of semiconductor devices and other elements and can perform complex functions. The microprocessor is an example of such a circuit. The ultimate goal of this text is to understand the operation, characteristics, and limitations of the basic circuits that form these integrated circuits.
Initially, discrete transistor circuits are analyzed and designed. The complexity of the circuits studied is
then increased. Eventually, the reader should be able to analyze and design the basic elements of integrated circuits, such as digital logic gates.
This text is an introduction to the complex subject of electronic circuits. Therefore, more advanced material is not included. Specific technologies, such as gallium arsenide, which is used in special applications, are also not included, although reference may be made to a few specialized applications. Finally, the layout and fabrication of ICs are not covered, since these topics alone can warrant entire texts.
COMPUTER-AIDED ANALYSIS AND DESIGN (PSPICE)
Computer analysis and computer-aided design (CAD) are significant factors in electronics. One of the most prevalent electronic circuit simulation programs is Simulation Program with Integrated Circuit Emphasis (SPICE), developed at the University of California. A version of SPICE tailored for personal computers is PSpice. A comprehensive appendix on the PSpice circuit modeling program is included in this text. Example programs are also given in Appendix B. Instructors may introduce PSpice at any point in the course.
The text emphasizes hand analysis and design. However, in several places in the text, PSpice results are
included and are correlated with the hand analysis results. The PSpice capture schematic diagrams are included, as well as the computer simulation results. Specific computer simulation problems are included at the end of most chapters. However, at the instructor’s discretion, PSpice can be used for any exercise or problem, to verify the hand analysis.
In some chapters, particularly the chapters on frequency response and feedback, computer analysis
is used more heavily. Even in these situations, however, computer analysis is considered only after the
fundamental properties of the circuit have been covered. The computer is a tool that can aid in the analysis and design of electronic circuits, but is not a substitute for a thorough understanding of the basic concepts of circuit analysis.
DESIGN EMPHASIS
Design is the heart of engineering. Good design evolves out of considerable experience with analysis. In this text, we point out various characteristics and properties of circuits as we go through the analysis. The objective is to develop an intuition that can be applied to the design process.
Many design examples, design exercise problems, and end-of-chapter design problems are included in
this text. The end-of-chapter design problems are designated with a D. Many of these design examples and problems have a set of specifications that lead to a unique solution. Engineering design in its truest sense does not lead to a unique solution. Although the type of design problem given in the text may not be design in its strictest form, the author believes that this is a first step in learning the design process. A separate section, Design Application, found in the end-of-chapter problems, contains open-ended design problems.
PREREQUISITES
This book is intended for junior undergraduates in electrical and computer engineering. The prerequisites for understanding the material include dc analysis and steady-state sinusoidal analysis of electric circuits and the transient analysis of RC circuits. Various network concepts, such as Thevenin’s and Norton’s theorems, are used extensively. Some background in Laplace transform techniques may also be useful. Prior knowledge of semiconductor device physics is not required.
ORGANIZATION
The book is divided into three parts. Part 1, consisting of the first eight chapters, covers semiconductor materials, the basic diode operation and diode circuits, and basic transistor operations and transistor circuits. Part 2 addresses more advanced analog electronics, such as operational amplifier circuits, biasing techniques used in integrated circuits, and other analog circuits applications. Part 3 covers digital electronics including CMOS integrated circuits. Six appendices are included at the end of the text.
Part 1. Chapter 1 introduces the semiconductor material and pn junction, which leads to the diode circuits and applications given in Chapter 2. Chapter 3 covers the field-effect transistor, with strong emphasis on the metal-oxide-semiconductor FET (MOSFET), and Chapter 4 presents basic FET linear amplifiers.
Chapter 5 discusses the bipolar junction transistor, with basic bipolar linear amplifier applications given in Chapter 6. The chapters covering MOSFETs (3 and 4) and the chapters covering bipolars (5 and 6) are written independently of each other. Instructors, therefore, have the option of discussing MOSFETs before bipolars as given in the text, or discussing bipolars before MOSFETs in the more traditional manner as shown in the following table.

Contents Of The Book :

PROLOGUE I
PROLOGUE TO ELECTRONICS 1
Brief History 1
Passive and Active Devices 2
Electronic Circuits 2
Discrete and Integrated Circuits 2
Analog and Digital Signals 3
Notation 3
Summary 4
PART 1
SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES AND BASIC APPLICATIONS 5
Chapter 1 Semiconductor Materials and Diodes 7
Preview 7
1.1 Semiconductor Materials and Properties 8
1.2 The pn Junction 20
1.3 Diode Circuits: DC Analysis and Models 30
1.4 Diode Circuits: AC Equivalent Circuit 39
1.5 Other Diode Types 44
1.6 Design Application: Diode Thermometer 49
1.7 Summary 51
Problems 53
Chapter 2 Diode Circuits 61
Preview 61
2.1 Rectifier Circuits 62
2.2 Zener Diode Circuits 80
2.3 Clipper and Clamper Circuits 86
2.4 Multiple-Diode Circuits 93
2.5 Photodiode and LED Circuits 102
2.6 Design Application: DC Power Supply 105
2.7 Summary 106
Problems 108
Chapter 3 The Field-Effect Transistor 119
Preview 119
3.1 MOS Field-Effect Transistor 120
3.2 MOSFET DC Circuit Analysis 140
3.3 Basic MOSFET Applications: Switch, Digital Logic Gate, and Amplifier 165
3.4 Constant-Current Biasing 170
3.5 Multistage MOSFET Circuits 175
3.6 Junction Field-Effect Transistor 179
3.7 Design Application: Diode Thermometer with an MOS Transistor 192
3.8 Summary 194
Problems 196
Chapter 4 Basic FET Amplifiers 207
Preview 207
4.1 The MOSFET Amplifier 208
4.2 Basic Transistor Amplifier Configurations 218
4.3 The Common-Source Amplifier 219
4.4 The Common-Drain (Source-Follower) Amplifier 231
4.5 The Common-Gate Configuration 239
4.6 The Three Basic Amplifier Configurations: Summary and Comparison 243
4.7 Single-Stage Integrated Circuit MOSFET
Amplifiers 244
4.8 Multistage Amplifiers 259
4.9 Basic JFET Amplifiers 263
4.10 Design Application: A Two-Stage Amplifier 269
4.11 Summary 272
Problems 273
Chapter 5 The Bipolar Junction Transistor 287
Preview 287
5.1 Basic Bipolar Junction Transistor 288
5.2 DC Analysis of Transistor Circuits 303
5.3 Basic Transistor Applications 327
5.4 Bipolar Transistor Biasing 334
5.5 Multistage Circuits 348
5.6 Design Application: Diode Thermometer with a Bipolar Transistor 353
5.7 Summary 355
Problems 356
Chapter 6 Basic BJT Amplifiers 369
Preview 369
6.1 Analog Signals and Linear Amplifiers 370
6.2 The Bipolar Linear Amplifier 371
6.3 Basic Transistor Amplifier Configurations 397
6.4 Common-Emitter Amplifiers 399
6.5 AC Load Line Analysis 415
x Contents
6.6 Common-Collector (Emitter-Follower) Amplifier 424
6.7 Common-Base Amplifier 435
6.8 The Three Basic Amplifiers: Summary
and Comparison 439
6.9 Multistage Amplifiers 440
6.10 Power Considerations 447
6.11 Design Application: Audio Amplifier 449
6.12 Summary 454
Problems 455
Chapter 7 Frequency Response 471
Preview 471
7.1 Amplifier Frequency Response 472
7.2 System Transfer Functions 474
7.3 Frequency Response: Transistor Amplifiers with Circuit Capacitors 488
7.4 Frequency Response: Bipolar Transistor 506
7.5 Frequency Response: The FET 518
7.6 High-Frequency Response of Transistor Circuits 525
7.7 Design Application: A Two-Stage Amplifier with Coupling Capacitors 541
7.8 Summary 543
Problems 544
Chapter 8 Output Stages and Power Amplifiers 561
Preview 561
8.1 Power Amplifiers 562
8.2 Power Transistors 562
8.3 Classes of Amplifiers 574
8.4 Class-A Power Amplifiers 588
8.5 Class-AB Push–Pull Complementary Output Stages 593
8.6 Design Application: An Output Stage Using
MOSFETs 602
8.7 Summary 605
Problems 606
PROLOGUE II
PROLOGUE TO ELECTRONIC DESIGN 615
Preview 615
Design Approach 615
System Design 616
Electronic Design 617
Conclusion 618
Contents xi
xii Contents
PART 2
ANALOG ELECTRONICS 619
Chapter 9 Ideal Operational Amplifiers and Op-Amp Circuits 621
Preview 621
9.1 The Operational Amplifier 622
9.2 Inverting Amplifier 627
9.3 Summing Amplifier 636
9.4 Noninverting Amplifier 638
9.5 Op-Amp Applications 641
9.6 Operational Transconductance Amplifiers 656
9.7 Op-Amp Circuit Design 658
9.8 Design Application: Electronic Thermometer with an Instrumentation Amplifier
665
9.9 Summary 667
Problems 668
Chapter 10 Integrated Circuit Biasing and Active Loads 683
Preview 683
10.1 Bipolar Transistor Current Sources 684
10.2 FET Current Sources 704
10.3 Circuits with Active Loads 716
10.4 Small-Signal Analysis: Active Load Circuits 723
10.5 Design Application: An NMOS Current Source 730
10.6 Summary 732
Problems 734
Chapter 11 Differential and Multistage Amplifiers 749
Preview 749
11.1 The Differential Amplifier 750
11.2 Basic BJT Differential Pair 750
11.3 Basic FET Differential Pair 777
11.4 Differential Amplifier with Active Load 788
11.5 BiCMOS Circuits 799
11.6 Gain Stage and Simple Output Stage 803
11.7 Simplified BJT Operational Amplifier Circuit 809
11.8 Diff-Amp Frequency Response 813
11.9 Design Application: A CMOS Diff-Amp 819
11.10 Summary 821
Problems 823
Chapter 12 Feedback and Stability 847
Preview 847
12.1 Introduction to Feedback 848
12.2 Basic Feedback Concepts 849
12.3 Ideal Feedback Topologies 859
12.4 Voltage (Series–Shunt) Amplifiers 869
12.5 Current (Shunt–Series) Amplifiers 875
12.6 Transconductance (Series–Series) Amplifiers 882
12.7 Transresistance (Shunt–Shunt) Amplifiers 889
12.8 Loop Gain 899
12.9 Stability of the Feedback Circuit 905
12.10 Frequency Compensation 915
12.11 Design Application: A MOSFET Feedback Circuit 921
12.12 Summary 923
Problems 925
Chapter 13 Operational Amplifier Circuits 943
Preview 943
13.1 General Op-Amp Circuit Design 944
13.2 A Bipolar Operational Amplifier Circuit 946
13.3 CMOS Operational Amplifier Circuits 966
13.4 BiCMOS Operational Amplifier Circuits 977
13.5 JFET Operational Amplifier Circuits 985
13.6 Design Application: A Two-Stage CMOS Op-Amp to Match a Given Output
Stage 988
13.7 Summary 991
Problems 993
Chapter 14 Nonideal Effects in Operational Amplifier Circuits 1003
Preview 1003
14.1 Practical Op-Amp Parameters 1004
14.2 Finite Open-Loop Gain 1007
14.3 Frequency Response 1017
14.4 Offset Voltage 1024
14.5 Input Bias Current 1036
14.7 Design Application: An Offset Voltage Compensation Network 1041
14.8 Summary 1043
Problems 1045
Chapter 15 Applications and Design of Integrated Circuits 1055
Preview 1055
15.1 Active Filters 1056
15.2 Oscillators 1069
15.3 Schmitt Trigger Circuits 1078
15.4 Nonsinusoidal Oscillators and Timing Circuits 1090
15.5 Integrated Circuit Power Amplifiers 1102
15.6 Voltage Regulators 1108
15.7 Design Application: An Active Bandpass Filter 1117
15.8 Summary 1119
Problems 1121
PROLOGUE III
PROLOGUE TO DIGITAL ELECTRONICS 1133
Preview 1133
Logic Functions and Logic Gates 1133
Logic Levels 1135
Noise Margin 1135
Propagation Delay Times and Switching Times 1136
Summary 1136
PART 3
DIGITAL ELECTRONICS 1137
Chapter 16 MOSFET Digital Circuits 1139
Preview 1139
16.1 NMOS Inverters 1140
16.2 NMOS Logic Circuits 1157
16.3 CMOS Inverter 1162
16.4 CMOS Logic Circuits 1176
16.5 Clocked CMOS Logic Circuits 1184
16.6 Transmission Gates 1187
16.7 Sequential Logic Circuits 1195
16.8 Memories: Classifications and Architectures 1201
16.9 RAM Memory Cells 1205
16.11 Data Converters 1219
16.12 Design Application: A Static CMOS Logic Gate 1225
16.13 Summary 1227
Problems 1231
Chapter 17 Bipolar Digital Circuits 1249
Preview 1249
17.1 Emitter-Coupled Logic (ECL) 1250
17.2 Modified ECL Circuit Configurations 1261
17.3 Transistor–Transistor Logic 1271
17.4 Schottky Transistor–Transistor Logic 1283
17.5 BiCMOS Digital Circuits 1290
17.6 Design Application: A Static ECL Gate 1292
17.7 Summary 1294
Problems 1295

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