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Electronic circuits analysis and design. PDF

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**Electronic circuits analysis and design PDF**

**About Of The Book :**

"Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design" by Donald A. Neamen is a popular textbook for undergraduate students in electrical and electronics engineering. The book covers a wide range of topics related to electronic circuits, including circuit analysis, circuit theorems, operational amplifiers, diodes, bipolar junction transistors, field-effect transistors, digital logic circuits, and more.

The book is known for its clear and concise explanations of complex concepts, and its extensive use of examples and practical applications to illustrate theoretical principles. The book also includes a number of helpful features such as review questions, problems and solutions, and design examples, which help students reinforce their understanding of the material.

Overall, "Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design" is a comprehensive and well-written textbook that provides a solid foundation for students looking to learn the fundamentals of electronic circuit analysis and design.

PHILOSOPHY AND GOALS

Electronic Circuit Analysis and Design is intended as a core text in electronics for undergraduate electrical and computer engineering students. The purpose of the third edition of the book is to provide a foundation for analyzing and designing both analog and digital electronic circuits.

The majority of electronic circuit design today involves using integrated circuits (ICs). The entire circuit is fabricated on a single piece of semiconductor material. The IC can contain millions of semiconductor devices and other elements and can perform complex functions. The microprocessor is an example of such a circuit. The ultimate goal of this text is to understand the operation, characteristics, and limitations of the basic circuits that form these integrated circuits.

Initially, discrete transistor circuits are analyzed and designed. The complexity of the circuits studied is

then increased. Eventually, the reader should be able to analyze and design the basic elements of integrated circuits, such as digital logic gates.

This text is an introduction to the complex subject of electronic circuits. Therefore, more advanced material is not included. Specific technologies, such as gallium arsenide, which is used in special applications, are also not included, although reference may be made to a few specialized applications. Finally, the layout and fabrication of ICs are not covered, since these topics alone can warrant entire texts.

COMPUTER-AIDED ANALYSIS AND DESIGN (PSPICE)

Computer analysis and computer-aided design (CAD) are significant factors in electronics. One of the most prevalent electronic circuit simulation programs is Simulation Program with Integrated Circuit Emphasis (SPICE), developed at the University of California. A version of SPICE tailored for personal computers is PSpice. A comprehensive appendix on the PSpice circuit modeling program is included in this text. Example programs are also given in Appendix B. Instructors may introduce PSpice at any point in the course.

The text emphasizes hand analysis and design. However, in several places in the text, PSpice results are

included and are correlated with the hand analysis results. The PSpice capture schematic diagrams are included, as well as the computer simulation results. Specific computer simulation problems are included at the end of most chapters. However, at the instructor’s discretion, PSpice can be used for any exercise or problem, to verify the hand analysis.

In some chapters, particularly the chapters on frequency response and feedback, computer analysis

is used more heavily. Even in these situations, however, computer analysis is considered only after the

fundamental properties of the circuit have been covered. The computer is a tool that can aid in the analysis and design of electronic circuits, but is not a substitute for a thorough understanding of the basic concepts of circuit analysis.

DESIGN EMPHASIS

Design is the heart of engineering. Good design evolves out of considerable experience with analysis. In this text, we point out various characteristics and properties of circuits as we go through the analysis. The objective is to develop an intuition that can be applied to the design process.

Many design examples, design exercise problems, and end-of-chapter design problems are included in

this text. The end-of-chapter design problems are designated with a D. Many of these design examples and problems have a set of specifications that lead to a unique solution. Engineering design in its truest sense does not lead to a unique solution. Although the type of design problem given in the text may not be design in its strictest form, the author believes that this is a first step in learning the design process. A separate section, Design Application, found in the end-of-chapter problems, contains open-ended design problems.

PREREQUISITES

This book is intended for junior undergraduates in electrical and computer engineering. The prerequisites for understanding the material include dc analysis and steady-state sinusoidal analysis of electric circuits and the transient analysis of RC circuits. Various network concepts, such as Thevenin’s and Norton’s theorems, are used extensively. Some background in Laplace transform techniques may also be useful. Prior knowledge of semiconductor device physics is not required.

ORGANIZATION

The book is divided into three parts. Part 1, consisting of the first eight chapters, covers semiconductor materials, the basic diode operation and diode circuits, and basic transistor operations and transistor circuits. Part 2 addresses more advanced analog electronics, such as operational amplifier circuits, biasing techniques used in integrated circuits, and other analog circuits applications. Part 3 covers digital electronics including CMOS integrated circuits. Six appendices are included at the end of the text.

Part 1. Chapter 1 introduces the semiconductor material and pn junction, which leads to the diode circuits and applications given in Chapter 2. Chapter 3 covers the field-effect transistor, with strong emphasis on the metal-oxide-semiconductor FET (MOSFET), and Chapter 4 presents basic FET linear amplifiers.

Chapter 5 discusses the bipolar junction transistor, with basic bipolar linear amplifier applications given in Chapter 6. The chapters covering MOSFETs (3 and 4) and the chapters covering bipolars (5 and 6) are written independently of each other. Instructors, therefore, have the option of discussing MOSFETs before bipolars as given in the text, or discussing bipolars before MOSFETs in the more traditional manner as shown in the following table.

**Contents Of The Book :**

**PROLOGUE I**

**PROLOGUE TO ELECTRONICS 1**

Brief History 1

Passive and Active Devices 2

Electronic Circuits 2

Discrete and Integrated Circuits 2

Analog and Digital Signals 3

Notation 3

Summary 4

**PART 1**

**SEMICONDUCTOR DEVICES AND BASIC APPLICATIONS 5**

**Chapter 1 Semiconductor Materials and Diodes 7**

Preview 7

1.1 Semiconductor Materials and Properties 8

1.2 The pn Junction 20

1.3 Diode Circuits: DC Analysis and Models 30

1.4 Diode Circuits: AC Equivalent Circuit 39

1.5 Other Diode Types 44

1.6 Design Application: Diode Thermometer 49

1.7 Summary 51

Problems 53

**Chapter 2 Diode Circuits 61**

Preview 61

2.1 Rectifier Circuits 62

2.2 Zener Diode Circuits 80

2.3 Clipper and Clamper Circuits 86

2.4 Multiple-Diode Circuits 93

2.5 Photodiode and LED Circuits 102

2.6 Design Application: DC Power Supply 105

2.7 Summary 106

Problems 108

**Chapter 3 The Field-Effect Transistor 119**

Preview 119

3.1 MOS Field-Effect Transistor 120

3.2 MOSFET DC Circuit Analysis 140

3.3 Basic MOSFET Applications: Switch, Digital Logic Gate, and Amplifier 165

3.4 Constant-Current Biasing 170

3.5 Multistage MOSFET Circuits 175

3.6 Junction Field-Effect Transistor 179

3.7 Design Application: Diode Thermometer with an MOS Transistor 192

3.8 Summary 194

Problems 196

**Chapter 4 Basic FET Amplifiers 207**

Preview 207

4.1 The MOSFET Amplifier 208

4.2 Basic Transistor Amplifier Configurations 218

4.3 The Common-Source Amplifier 219

4.4 The Common-Drain (Source-Follower) Amplifier 231

4.5 The Common-Gate Configuration 239

4.6 The Three Basic Amplifier Configurations: Summary and Comparison 243

4.7 Single-Stage Integrated Circuit MOSFET

Amplifiers 244

4.8 Multistage Amplifiers 259

4.9 Basic JFET Amplifiers 263

4.10 Design Application: A Two-Stage Amplifier 269

4.11 Summary 272

Problems 273

**Chapter 5 The Bipolar Junction Transistor 287**

Preview 287

5.1 Basic Bipolar Junction Transistor 288

5.2 DC Analysis of Transistor Circuits 303

5.3 Basic Transistor Applications 327

5.4 Bipolar Transistor Biasing 334

5.5 Multistage Circuits 348

5.6 Design Application: Diode Thermometer with a Bipolar Transistor 353

5.7 Summary 355

Problems 356

**Chapter 6 Basic BJT Amplifiers 369**

Preview 369

6.1 Analog Signals and Linear Amplifiers 370

6.2 The Bipolar Linear Amplifier 371

6.3 Basic Transistor Amplifier Configurations 397

6.4 Common-Emitter Amplifiers 399

6.5 AC Load Line Analysis 415

x Contents

6.6 Common-Collector (Emitter-Follower) Amplifier 424

6.7 Common-Base Amplifier 435

6.8 The Three Basic Amplifiers: Summary

and Comparison 439

6.9 Multistage Amplifiers 440

6.10 Power Considerations 447

6.11 Design Application: Audio Amplifier 449

6.12 Summary 454

Problems 455

**Chapter 7 Frequency Response 471**

Preview 471

7.1 Amplifier Frequency Response 472

7.2 System Transfer Functions 474

7.3 Frequency Response: Transistor Amplifiers with Circuit Capacitors 488

7.4 Frequency Response: Bipolar Transistor 506

7.5 Frequency Response: The FET 518

7.6 High-Frequency Response of Transistor Circuits 525

7.7 Design Application: A Two-Stage Amplifier with Coupling Capacitors 541

7.8 Summary 543

Problems 544

**Chapter 8 Output Stages and Power Amplifiers 561**

Preview 561

8.1 Power Amplifiers 562

8.2 Power Transistors 562

8.3 Classes of Amplifiers 574

8.4 Class-A Power Amplifiers 588

8.5 Class-AB Push–Pull Complementary Output Stages 593

8.6 Design Application: An Output Stage Using

MOSFETs 602

8.7 Summary 605

Problems 606

**PROLOGUE II**

**PROLOGUE TO ELECTRONIC DESIGN 615**

Preview 615

Design Approach 615

System Design 616

Electronic Design 617

Conclusion 618

Contents xi

xii Contents

**PART 2**

**ANALOG ELECTRONICS 619**

**Chapter 9 Ideal Operational Amplifiers and Op-Amp Circuits 621**

Preview 621

9.1 The Operational Amplifier 622

9.2 Inverting Amplifier 627

9.3 Summing Amplifier 636

9.4 Noninverting Amplifier 638

9.5 Op-Amp Applications 641

9.6 Operational Transconductance Amplifiers 656

9.7 Op-Amp Circuit Design 658

9.8 Design Application: Electronic Thermometer with an Instrumentation Amplifier

665

9.9 Summary 667

Problems 668

**Chapter 10 Integrated Circuit Biasing and Active Loads 683**

Preview 683

10.1 Bipolar Transistor Current Sources 684

10.2 FET Current Sources 704

10.3 Circuits with Active Loads 716

10.4 Small-Signal Analysis: Active Load Circuits 723

10.5 Design Application: An NMOS Current Source 730

10.6 Summary 732

Problems 734

**Chapter 11 Differential and Multistage Amplifiers 749**

Preview 749

11.1 The Differential Amplifier 750

11.2 Basic BJT Differential Pair 750

11.3 Basic FET Differential Pair 777

11.4 Differential Amplifier with Active Load 788

11.5 BiCMOS Circuits 799

11.6 Gain Stage and Simple Output Stage 803

11.7 Simplified BJT Operational Amplifier Circuit 809

11.8 Diff-Amp Frequency Response 813

11.9 Design Application: A CMOS Diff-Amp 819

11.10 Summary 821

Problems 823

**Chapter 12 Feedback and Stability 847**

Preview 847

12.1 Introduction to Feedback 848

12.2 Basic Feedback Concepts 849

12.3 Ideal Feedback Topologies 859

12.4 Voltage (Series–Shunt) Amplifiers 869

12.5 Current (Shunt–Series) Amplifiers 875

12.6 Transconductance (Series–Series) Amplifiers 882

12.7 Transresistance (Shunt–Shunt) Amplifiers 889

12.8 Loop Gain 899

12.9 Stability of the Feedback Circuit 905

12.10 Frequency Compensation 915

12.11 Design Application: A MOSFET Feedback Circuit 921

12.12 Summary 923

Problems 925

**Chapter 13 Operational Amplifier Circuits 943**

Preview 943

13.1 General Op-Amp Circuit Design 944

13.2 A Bipolar Operational Amplifier Circuit 946

13.3 CMOS Operational Amplifier Circuits 966

13.4 BiCMOS Operational Amplifier Circuits 977

13.5 JFET Operational Amplifier Circuits 985

13.6 Design Application: A Two-Stage CMOS Op-Amp to Match a Given Output

Stage 988

13.7 Summary 991

Problems 993

**Chapter 14 Nonideal Effects in Operational Amplifier Circuits 1003**

Preview 1003

14.1 Practical Op-Amp Parameters 1004

14.2 Finite Open-Loop Gain 1007

14.3 Frequency Response 1017

14.4 Offset Voltage 1024

14.5 Input Bias Current 1036

14.6 Additional Nonideal Effects 1039

14.7 Design Application: An Offset Voltage Compensation Network 1041

14.8 Summary 1043

Problems 1045

**Chapter 15 Applications and Design of Integrated Circuits 1055**

Preview 1055

15.1 Active Filters 1056

15.2 Oscillators 1069

15.3 Schmitt Trigger Circuits 1078

15.4 Nonsinusoidal Oscillators and Timing Circuits 1090

15.5 Integrated Circuit Power Amplifiers 1102

15.6 Voltage Regulators 1108

15.7 Design Application: An Active Bandpass Filter 1117

15.8 Summary 1119

Problems 1121

**PROLOGUE III**

**PROLOGUE TO DIGITAL ELECTRONICS 1133**

Preview 1133

Logic Functions and Logic Gates 1133

Logic Levels 1135

Noise Margin 1135

Propagation Delay Times and Switching Times 1136

Summary 1136

**PART 3**

**DIGITAL ELECTRONICS 1137**

**Chapter 16 MOSFET Digital Circuits 1139**

Preview 1139

16.1 NMOS Inverters 1140

16.2 NMOS Logic Circuits 1157

16.3 CMOS Inverter 1162

16.4 CMOS Logic Circuits 1176

16.5 Clocked CMOS Logic Circuits 1184

16.6 Transmission Gates 1187

16.7 Sequential Logic Circuits 1195

16.8 Memories: Classifications and Architectures 1201

16.9 RAM Memory Cells 1205

16.10 Read-Only Memory 1214

16.11 Data Converters 1219

16.12 Design Application: A Static CMOS Logic Gate 1225

16.13 Summary 1227

Problems 1231

**Chapter 17 Bipolar Digital Circuits 1249**

Preview 1249

17.1 Emitter-Coupled Logic (ECL) 1250

17.2 Modified ECL Circuit Configurations 1261

17.3 Transistor–Transistor Logic 1271

17.4 Schottky Transistor–Transistor Logic 1283

17.5 BiCMOS Digital Circuits 1290

17.6 Design Application: A Static ECL Gate 1292

17.7 Summary 1294

Problems 1295

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