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Microelectronic Circuits PDF

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**Microelectronic Circuits PDF**

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"Microelectronic Circuits" by Adel S. Sedra and Kenneth C. Smith is a widely recognized textbook in the field of electronics and circuit design. The 7th edition of the book provides a comprehensive and up-to-date treatment of microelectronic circuits and devices, including diodes, bipolar junction transistors, field-effect transistors, operational amplifiers, and digital integrated circuits. It is designed for use in electrical and computer engineering courses, as well as for professionals in the field. The book is known for its clear and concise explanations, strong emphasis on design, and practical coverage of real-world issues and applications. The 7th edition has been updated to reflect the latest developments in the field, including the latest technologies and circuit design techniques. It is considered a must-have resource for anyone interested in learning about microelectronic circuits and devices.

Microelectronic Circuits, Seventh Edition, is intended as a text for the core courses in
electronic circuits taught to majors in electrical and computer engineering. It should
also prove useful to engineers and other professionals wishing to update their knowledge
through self-study.
As was the case with the first six editions, the objective of this book is to develop in
the reader the ability to analyze and design electronic circuits, both analog and digital,
discrete and integrated. While the application of integrated circuits is covered, emphasis
is placed on transistor circuit design. This is done because of our belief that even if the
majority of those studying this book were not to pursue a career in IC design, knowledge
of what is inside the IC package would enable intelligent and innovative application of
such chips. Furthermore, with the advances in VLSI technology and design methodology, IC design itself has become accessible to an increasing number of engineers.

Part I, Devices and Basic Circuits, includes the most fundamental and essential topics for the study of

electronic circuits. At the same time, it constitutes a complete package for a first course on the subject.

Chapter 1. The book starts with an introduction to the basic concepts of electronics in Chapter 1.

Signals, their frequency spectra, and their analog and digital forms are presented. Amplifiers are

introduced as circuit building blocks and their various types and models are studied. This chapter also

establishes some of the terminology and conventions used throughout the text.

Chapter 2. Chapter 2 deals with operational amplifiers, their terminal characteristics, simple applications, and practical limitations. We chose to discuss the op amp as a circuit building block at this

early stage simply because it is easy to deal with and because the student can experiment with op-amp

circuits that perform nontrivial tasks with relative ease and with a sense of accomplishment. We have

found this approach to be highly motivating to the student. We should point out, however, that part

or all of this chapter can be skipped and studied at a later stage (for instance, in conjunction with

Chapter 9, Chapter 11, and/or Chapter 13) with no loss of continuity.

Chapter 3. Chapter 3 provides an overview of semiconductor concepts at a level sufficient for understanding the operation of diodes and transistors in later chapters. Coverage of this material is useful

in particular for students who have had no prior exposure to device physics. Even those with such a

background would find a review of Chapter 3 beneficial as a refresher. The instructor can choose to

cover this material in class or assign it for outside reading.

Chapter 4. The first electronic device, the diode, is studied in Chapter 4. The diode terminal characteristics, the circuit models that are used to represent it, and its circuit applications are presented. Depending

on the time available in the course, some of the diode applications (e.g. Section 4.6) can be skipped. Also,

the brief description of special diode types (Section 4.7) can be left for the student to read.

Chapters 5 and 6. The foundation of electronic circuits is established by the study of the two transistor types in use today: the MOS transistor in Chapter 5 and the bipolar transistor in Chapter 6. These

two chapters have been written to be completely independent of one another and thus can be studied in

either order, as desired. Furthermore, the two chapters have the same structure, making it easier and

faster to study the second device, as well as to draw comparisons between the two device types.

Each of Chapters 5 and 6 begins with a study of the device structure and its physical operation, leading to a description of its terminal characteristics. Then, to allow the student to become very familiar

with the operation of the transistor as a circuit element, a large number of examples are presented of dc

circuits utilizing the device. The last section of each of Chapters 5 and 6 deals with second-order effects

that are included for completeness, but that can be skipped if time does not permit detailed coverage.

Chapter 7. The heart of a first course in electronics is the study of transistor amplifiers. Chapter 7

(new to this edition) presents a unified treatment of the subject. It begins with the basic principles

that underlie the operation of a transistor, of either type, as an amplifier, and proceeds to present

the important concepts of small-signal operation and modeling. This is followed by a study of the

basic configurations of single-transistor amplifiers. After a presentation of dc biasing methods, the

chapter concludes with practical examples of discrete-circuit amplifiers. The combined presentation

emphasizes the unity of the basic principles while allowing for separate treatment of the two device

types where this is warranted. Very importantly, we are able to compare the two devices and to draw

conclusions about their unique areas of application.

After the study of Part I, the reader will be fully prepared to study either integrated-circuit amplifiers in Part II, or digital integrated circuits in Part III.

Part II, Integrated-Circuit Amplifiers, is devoted to the study of practical amplifier circuits that can

be fabricated in the integrated-circuit (IC) form. Its six chapters constitute a coherent treatment of IC

amplifier design and can thus serve as a second course in electronic circuits.

MOS and Bipolar. Throughout Part II, both MOS and bipolar circuits are presented side-by-side.

Because the MOSFET is by far the dominant device, its circuits are presented first. Bipolar circuits

are discussed to the same depth but occasionally more briefly.

Chapter 8. Beginning with a brief introduction to the philosophy of IC design, Chapter 8 presents
the basic circuit building blocks that are used in the design of IC amplifiers. These include current
mirrors, current sources, gain cells, and cascode amplifiers.
Chapter 9. The most important IC building block, the differential pair, is the main topic of Chapter
9. The last section of Chapter 9 is devoted to the study of multistage amplifiers.
Chapter 10. Chapter 10 presents a comprehensive treatment of the important subject of amplifier
frequency response. Here, Sections 10.1, 10.2, and 10.3 contain essential material; Section 10.4 provides an in-depth treatment of very useful new tools; and Sections 10.5 to 10.8 present the frequency
response analysis of a variety of amplifier configurations that can be studied as and when needed.
A selection of the latter sections can be made depending on the time available and the instructor’s
preference.
Chapter 11. The fourth of the essential topics of Part II, feedback, is the subject of Chapter 11.
Both the theory of negative feedback and its application in the design of practical feedback amplifiers are presented. We also discuss the stability problem in feedback amplifiers and treat frequency
compensation in some detail.
Chapter 12. In Chapter 12 we switch gears from dealing with small-signal amplifiers to those that
are required to handle large signals and large amounts of power. Here we study the different amplifier
classes—A, B, and AB—and their realization in bipolar and CMOS technologies. We also consider
power BJTs and power MOSFETs, and study representative IC power amplifiers. A brief study of the
increasingly popular Class D amplifier is also presented. Depending on the availability of time, some
of the later sections can be skipped in a first reading.
Chapter 13. Finally, Chapter 13 brings together all the topics of Part II in an important application;
namely, the design of operational amplifier circuits. We study both CMOS and bipolar op amps. In
the latter category, besides the classical and still timely 741 circuit, we present modern techniques for
the design of low-voltage op amps (Section 13.4).
Part III, Digital Integrated Circuits, provides a brief but nonetheless comprehensive and sufficiently
detailed study of digital IC design. Our treatment is almost self-contained, requiring for the most part
only a thorough understanding of the MOSFET material presented in Chapter 5. Thus, Part III can
be studied right after Chapter 5. The only exceptions to this are the last section in Chapter 15 which
requires knowledge of the BJT (Chapter 6). Also, knowledge of the MOSFET internal capacitances
(Section 10.2.2) will be needed.
Chapter 14. Chapter 14 is the foundation of Part III. It begins with the motivating topic of CMOS
logic-gate circuits. Then, following a detailed study of digital logic inverters, we concentrate on the
CMOS inverter; its static and dynamic characteristics and its design. Transistor sizing and power
dissipation round out the topics of Chapter 14. The material covered in this chapter is the minimum
needed to learn something meaningful about digital circuits.
Chapter 15. Chapter 15 has a modular structure and presents six topics of somewhat advanced
nature. It begins with a presentation of Moore’s law and the technology scaling that has made the
multi-billion-transistor chip possible. This is followed by an overview of digital IC technologies, and
the design methodologies that make the design of super-complex digital ICs possible. Four different
logic-circuit types are then presented. Only the last of these includes bipolar transistors.
Chapter 16. Digital circuits can be broadly divided into logic and memory circuits. The latter is the
subject of Chapter 16.
Part IV, Filters and Oscillators, is intentionally oriented toward applications and systems. The two
topics illustrate powerfully and dramatically the application of both negative and positive feedback.
Chapter 17. Chapter 17 deals with the design of filters, which are important building blocks of communication and instrumentation systems. A comprehensive, design-oriented treatment of the subject is
presented. The material provided should allow the reader to perform a complete filter design, starting
from specification and ending with a complete circuit realization. A wealth of design tables is included.
Chapter 18. Chapter 18 deals with circuits for the generation of signals with a variety of waveforms:
sinusoidal, square, and triangular. We also present circuits for the nonlinear shaping of waveforms.

**Contents Of The Book :**

**PART I Devices and Basic Circuits**

CHAPTER 1
Signals and Amplifiers

CHAPTER 2
Operational Amplifiers

CHAPTER 3
Semiconductors

CHAPTER 4
Diodes

CHAPTER 5
MOS Field-Effect Transistors (MOSFETs)

CHAPTER 6
Bipolar Junction Transistors (BJTs)

CHAPTER 7
Transistor Amplifiers

**PART II Integrated-Circuit Amplifiers**

CHAPTER 8
Building Blocks of Integrated-Circuit Amplifiers

CHAPTER 9
Differential and Multistage Amplifiers

CHAPTER 10
Frequency Response

CHAPTER 11
Feedback

CHAPTER 12
Output Stages and Power Amplifiers

CHAPTER 13
Operational-Amplifier Circuits

**PART III Digital Integrated Circuits**

CHAPTER 14
CMOS Digital Logic Circuits

CHAPTER 15
Advanced Topics in Digital Integrated-Circuit Design

CHAPTER 16
Memory Circuits

**PART IV Filters and Oscillators**

CHAPTER 17
Filters and Tuned Amplifiers

CHAPTER 18
Signal Generators and Waveform-Shaping Circuits

**Information Of The Book :**

Title: Microelectronic Circuits Download PDF

Size: 53 Mb

Pages: 1489

Year : 2014

Format: PDF

Language : English

Author: Adel S. Sedra & Kenneth C. Smith

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